Two special committees of Mexico’s Lower House of Congress have approved a draft bill to decriminalise cannabis and sent it on to the full chamber, bringing it a step closer to creating one of the world’s largest markets for the drug.
The bill, backed by the administration of President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, would mark a major shift in a country bedeviled for years by violence between feuding drug cartels.
On Monday the health and justice committees approved the bill, which easily passed the Senate in a vote in November and would create a huge new legal market for cannabis that companies are eager to tap.
Colombian-Canadian Khiron Life Sciences, Canada’s Canopy Growth and The Green Organic Dutchman, as well as Medical Marijuana from California are among other firms eyeing Mexico.
The full chamber of the Lower House is scheduled to discuss the bill on Tuesday, two congressional sources told Reuters.
The bill would create the Mexican Institute for the Regulation and Control of Cannabis, which will issue five types of licenses for the cultivation, transformation, sale, research and export or import of cannabis.
Only people 18 years and older, and with a permit, may grow, carry or consume cannabis and its derivatives, according to the bill, which Mr Lopez Obrador’s ruling Morena party proposed. Morena has a majority in both chambers of Congress.
Mr Lopez Obrador has argued that decriminalising cannabis and other narcotics could help combat Mexico’s powerful drug cartels.